Friday, May 1, 2015

Abstract & Bibliography

Increasingly, people are not being given the opportunity to attend college due to rising tuition rates as a result of privatization.  This shift towards private enterprises is causing wedging a gap between social and economic classes in the United States.  Therefore, in an attempt to become more productive and commercial, privatization of higher education is ultimately only benefitting the Elite, at the expense of the general public.  Further, with the GI bill in place, veterans are capable of attending a university without charge.  Although veterans have contributed a great deal to society, students will eventually provide the community with a contrastive type of contribution.  How much must a student sacrifice to display their societal debt and be compensated for it?  

Works Cited
Anderson, Benedict. "Imagined Communities." Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. Verso, 1991. 48-59. Print.
Batten, Dayne. The GI Bill, Higher Education and American Society. Vol. 2. Cleveland: Grove City Journal of Law and Public Policy. 14-29. Print.
College Choice. The Rising Cost of College. Web. 12 Mar. 2015.
Ehrenberg, Ronald G. “The Perfect Storm And the Privatization of Public Higher Education.” Change: The Magazine of Higher Learning 38.1. (2006): 46-53. ERIC. Web. 15 Apr. 2015
Ichilov, Orit. “Privatization and Commercialization of Public Education: Consequences for
            Citizenship and Citizenship Education.”  2011. 281-301. Print.
Ivory Tower: Is college Worth the Cost. 2014. DVD.
Jamshidi, Laleh, et al. “Developmental Patterns Of Privatization In Higher Education: A
            Comparative Study.”  Higher Education 64.6 (2012): 789-803. Academic Search
            Premier. Web. 28 Feb. 2015.
Johnstone, Bruce D. "Privatization in and of Higher Education in the U.S." Web. 12 Mar. 2015. <>.
Levine, Arthur. "Privatization in Higher Education." Web. 7 Apr. 2015. <>.
Mills, Nicolaus. “The Corporatization of Higher Education.” Dissent Magazine 1 Sept. 2012.
Patnaik, Gina, and Aaron Brady. "Privatization and Brutalizing Campuses." Rortybomb. Word Press, 12 Mar. 2012. Web. 26 Apr. 2015.
Susanti, Dewl. “Privatisation and Marketisation Of Higher Education in Indonesia: The
            Challenge for Equal Access and Academic Values.”  Higher Education 61.2 (2011):
            209-218. Academic Search Premier. Web. 1 Mar. 2015. "Universities in Germany." The German Way. H. Flippo and Sons, 1 June 2012. Web. 3 Apr. 2015. <>.

Woodruff, Mandi. "Public and Private College Costs." Is Public or Private College a Better Investment? Business Insider, 6 Jan. 2014. Web. 20 Apr. 2015.Privatization Final Paper

Literature Review #5

Levine, Arthur. "Privatization in Higher Education." Web. 7 Apr. 2015. <>.

This source provides me with information about why public institutions are taking on privatized ways of operating.  The chapter cites societal changes as the main cause of education reform.  I think it is important to gain another perspective as to why things are happening the way they are, and this chapter does just that. 

Arthur Levine is the president and professor of education at the Teachers College, Columbia University.   He received his bachelor’s degree from Brandeis University and his Ph.D. from State University of New York at Buffalo. Before becoming president of Columbia, he chaired the higher education program and the Institute for Educational Management at the Harvard Graduate School of Education.  All of this makes him very knowledgeable on the subject.

Key Terms: Society, Demographics, Future

"Less than a fifth of today's college students meet the stereotype of attending school full time" (Levine).

"Changes in the demographics of traditional students will also affect the future of higher education" (Levine).

"Third, higher education is being subjected to greater criticism than in the past on issues varying from low productivity and high cost to the quality of leadership and the inadequacy of technology use" (Levine).

This source will be extremely valuable to me when discussing privatization of higher education in general.  I can use this source to support my thought of privatization being an obstacle that the general public must find a way to overcome.  I think it will be very useful to my overall argument.